FCS ALTERWASSER - ZEMSHIPS
FCS ALTERWASSER PASSENGER CRUISER, HAMBURG
The “Zemships” project was launched as an EU-funded joint project by nine companies and institutions. The “FCS Alsterwasser” has been tested by “Alster Touristik GmbH” for its practicality in regular service. Proton Motor developed two vibration-proof 48 kW fuel cell systems for the passenger ship, which drive the engine via the battery’s intermediate storage with an output of up to 100 kW (approx. 130 hp). To date, maritime applications have mainly been in smaller vessels with an engine power of up to 5 kW. The aim of “Zemships” was to collect operating data for the scientific evaluation of sustainable energy efficiency in order to test possible fuel cell suitability in more powerful ship types.
The “FCS Alsterwasser” was designed as an excursion steamer for inland navigation in Hamburg. The prototype belongs to the new pollution-free generation of ships – the fuel cell-powered “Zero Emissions Ships” or ZEWT.
APEX Energy Teterow GmbH
Proton Motor Fuel Cell GmbH is a manufacturer of environmentally friendly hydrogen fuel cells and fuel cell hybrid systems for automotive, maritime and stationary systems as well as for rail transport. They offer complete solutions from our own production – from development and manufacturing to the
realization of customized solutions.
ISO CONTAINERS - A 20m3 cryogenic tank, multi-layered vacuum insulation
container in stainless
steel. These units are heavier than a comparable aluminium tank such as
those developed for the Space Shuttle, but they are more economical and
available off the shelf. Large tanks are available from many
manufacturers concerning LNG and hydrogen, where cryogenic
LH2 TRANSFERS - Cryostar (Zone Industrielle, 68220 Hésingue, France) has developed a range of liquid hydrogen piston pumps with large capacities and small footprints, as an ideal system for increasing the pressure of hydrogen. For example, the A-MRP 40/55-K LH2 cryo pumps are explosion proof skid mounted piston pumps designed for simple and safe installation for use with a liquid hydrogen source. Three different sizes are available, with capacities ranging from 6 to 190 kg/h with easy flow adjustment. They can be used with all types and makes of LH2 tanks and ISO containers.
MARINE HYDROGEN PROJECTS
2000 - The 22-person Hydra ship was demonstrated.
2003 - Duffy-Herreshoff watertaxi went into service.
2003 - Saw the debut of Yacht No. 1, and Hydroxy3000.
2004 - The AUV DeepC, and Yacht XV 1 were shown.
2005 - The Type 212 submarine, powered underwater by fuel cells, went into service with the German navy.
2006 - The 12-person Xperiance was debuted, as well as the Zebotec.
2007 - The 8-person Tuckerboot and the Canal boat Ross Barlow debuted.
2008 - The 100-passenger Zemships project Alsterwasser went into service in Hamburg.
2009 - The Nemo H2 and the Frauscher 600 Riviera HP went into service.
- The Hydrogenesis Passenger Ferry project went into service.
2018 - HySeas III project: A consortium to build the world’s first sea-going car and passenger ferry fuelled by hydrogen fuel cell propulsion, secured EU funding. The vessel is planned to operate in and around Orkney by 2021, which is already producing hydrogen from constrained renewable energy. The project is being led by Ferguson Marine Engineering Ltd (which is also involved in SWIFTH2) and St. Andrews University.
2018 - Jules Verne 2, hydrogen-powered passenger vessel, runs on two fuel cells of 5kW each, both equipped with electrochemical batteries powered by hydrogen. For supply, JV2 will have a hydrogen station, which will be temporarily installed in Port Boyer. Currently under construction, this hydrogen station will be fueled by the official supporter of Energy Observer, Air Liquide.
2019 - The Kawasaki New Sunshine Project was taking shape.
2020 - The car ferry MF Hydra is under construction in Norway. It uses liquid hydrogen, two 200 kW fuel cells, a 1.36 MWh battery, and two 440 kW diesel generators. The hydrogen tanks and the fuel cell are located on top of the ferry. The hydrogen is trucked from Leipzig in Germany.
2023 - Fjord cruise ship Havilla, Havyard, NES, liquid hydrogen fuel cell & battery powered
ZEWT ALORS - The solar and wind powered 'Elizabeth Swann' will feature solar collectors and wind energy harvesting apparatus in an advanced configuration. Her hull configuration is ideal to incorporate mass hydrogen storage tanks, offering ranges of up to 4,000nm on compressed gas. This yacht could circumnavigate the globe on one fill up of liquid hydrogen, cryogenically stored, with sufficient capacity with mobile bunkering, to go around the world in 80 days or less, to equal the famous Jules Verne round the globe record. We live is a world literally frying itself using fossil fuels, where anything is possible, if Cop26 yields climate friendly policies to accelerate CO2 reductions or transport emissions.
ZERO BUNKERING FACILITIES
Essentially, no regular H2 or LH2 bunker facilities exist at present, though efforts to rectify are being made by some port authorities. To date, each project has had to arrange for refuelling for their vessels. This is a serious blocker to zero emission progress. The almost total lack of hydrogen bunkering at ports and harbours is hardly conducive to confidence in the ability of any fleet to transition, because the infrastructure is woefully under-developed. Though the technology exists to make it happen, the speed of supplies needs to be accelerated to combat global warming. We hope the newly triggered IMO clean air laws might kickstart the installation of facilities - to help commercial vessel operators meet the IMO's 2040 targets. But we fear that without government intervention, that like the shortage of service stations for automobiles, the maritime world may lag behind even further.
LIQUID HYDROGEN LINKS & REFERENCE
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